“My Supports”

My GOD & family: GOD is my strongest support! I cannot imagine my what my life will be like without HIM. Without the guide of His holy words, compassion, love and forgiven, I could not do anything.

As you get older you find out that true happiness is not in how much you make or how many degrees you have or how big your house is or how fancy your car is. It’s finding peace and joy and a calmness in your life that will soon become the most important thing to you. My daughters and their families are what matters to me. Things that are of quality, not of quantity: We share and laugh out loud. We always do our best and have fun. We are often loud and even silly. We make mistakes because we are real. We forgive each other and say I am sorry. We give big hugs and stick together. We Show Love!

pumpkin and family


Effective communication: Cellphone and computer; The cellphone is the connection between relationships and communications. When I can’t talk to my family and co-workers face-to-face, I can always pick up my cellphone and call them. What a great way to keep in touch! My cellphone and computer have every features I need to keep updated on what is going on in my environment. I could survive without these items but with modern technology improvement, I would not want to go back in time.

 Work/School Early Head Start children and co-workers; My work is a support system for people to feel good about themselves. When you have a close friend at work, you feel a stronger connection to the company, and you are more excited about coming into work every day. You attach yourself to the company’s purpose and collaborate better to create success for the business.  The children are the fuel that light my fire each and every morning; they fill the void in my life in the absent of my granddaughters and they show me love/ respect. We are developing, growing, and learning; together. It would be very difficult at work without my students and co-workers, there would be many lonely and boring days, little effort made for productivity.

My online colleagues and Walden’s administration staff; Good colleagues are those who know that WE is more powerful than ME. With the support of my online family, I have acquired more confident in completing my Master’s degree. I have learned a lot from my colleagues and professors including participating in extensive group discussions, receiving feedbacks and comments that has helped improve my performances and achieve  desirable goals               

picture of friends

Challenges regarding supports I would want and need: The first and important challenges are trust/conflicts. An effective support system is build on trust and respect among all participants. Conflicts must be avoided or eliminated before elevating in a serious matter. Support systems should demonstrate the ability to be dedicated to achieving the goals of an individual or group. No one should feel insecurity about what they are trying to accomplish instead have confident in all aspects. Last important challenge: Continuity relationship is the result of bonds sharing, cooperating, and collaborating within the support system during and after completing a task or project. Some people form long lasting relationships through an informal or formal support system. Support System is a network of people who provide an individual with practical and emotional support.





My Connections to Play

Play to me

There’s dirt on my shirt

And leaves in my hair

There is mud on my boots

But I don’t really care!

Image result for cartoon pics of children playing in puddle of water

“When you asked me what I did in school today & I say,  ‘I just PLAYED.’

Please don’t misunderstand me. For you see, I’m learning as I PLAY.

I am learning to enjoy and be successful in my work.

Today, I am a child and my work is PLAY.” Anita Wadely, 1994

Image result for cartoon pics of children playing in puddle of water

I often heard my mother say, “Child, go play!” Those words were a treat for me and my siblings. We would wake early in the morning, eat, do house chores, then by 12:00 pm, our day outside begins until the street lights come on. There were no playing after dark unless we were in the yard and especially not in the house. Mom would say, “don’t be running or playing in my house.” We had a room in the back to play in when we just couldn’t go outside. During daylight, we played street ball, ran through cotton fields, flew home-made kites, rode bikes and skates. We even played chase while waiting for the bus on school mornings and could not wait for school to end in the summer. Wow! what a time. My mom barely saw us, only when we came in the house to get a drink of water or eat. I joined the baseball team at the park, so my days were filled with fun activities. On Saturday mornings, we spend time watching cartoons as long as they were on. Nothing stopped us from playing, even on rainy days, we played outside, splashing in puddles, making mud pies, or just getting our feet wet.

Image result for cartoon pics of children playing in woods

Comparing my childhood play with today’s play is very different. Back in the late 60’s until late 80’s, children valued outside play as a necessity. Now, children spend less time playing and more time in front of a tv, computer, and on the phone communicating with others. We did not have cell phones nor computers as entertainment. Face-to-face communication was important and contributed to strong bonding relationships in the community; friends would meet outside or visit each other homes. We played together and stayed together! Today, there is too much modern technology that keep children preoccupied and away from free-play. Children prefer to sit, watching movies, playing video games, or texting on phones/Ipads than venture outside for relaxation and fun. Technology has become a backdrop in many young children lives because of the amount of time spend viewing and inappropriate materials posted. More health factors are being detected due to too much sitting time and inadequate playtime. Parents and teachers worry about academic preparation by overlooking the benefits of play to the developing and learning of young children’s brain and body.

I hope that more educational programs are established where children do not have to sit in a classroom to learn. Children are at their best learning from exploring the world around them. Schools can provide more field trips, teachers can teach their students outside, classrooms equipped with enough playing areas, age appropriate materials, and more teachers engaging in play activities with children.


Internal thought, “You are never too old to PLAY.” Play is learning!!


explore, learn, grow

Create, discover, imagine


jump, dance, paint, sing

read, skip, climb, clap, ball

Enjoy and be HAPPY.

Relationship Reflection

This is a picture of my mom and four of her grandchildren: My two precious daughters, nephew, and niece. She is holding my baby girl while my oldest daughter stands behind her. She was the sweeties person on this earth to me. All she wanted was for her seven children to grow up and be successful in everything that they wanted to do and become. My mom was my best friend, comforter, supporter, and empowerment. I cherished the moments that I shared with her until this day. It is nothing like having a mother that you can talk too, cry too, and love. Relationships are a wonderful thing to experience when there are trust, respect, and honesty. Once they are gone, there is no one else who can fill that void in your heart or life.  May her soul rest in peace!!!!  My daughters and grandchildren are now my support connection. We share precious moments together as much as we can. Being around them brings me joy and I am grateful to have them in my life. Seeing how my grandchildren are loved, nurtured, developing, and learning, motivates me to help other children achieve their potentials in life.

Love you forever,  “mom.


Family relationships are important to me because connections and interactions contribute to my developmentally stages: mentally, physically, socially/emotionally, and spiritually. A family shares values, emotional bonds, goals, and responsibilities that contribute to the well-being of all members. A warm and secure environment helps children develop, learn, and experience strong relationship skills throughout life. The first secured bond starts with child and parents is the most special relationship a person can endure.  A healthy family relationship enhances unity, trust, respect, security, protection, and love. Healthy relationships also consist of a positive connection and good communication among family members. People need to participate in other relationships beyond family. Social relationships provide support, a sense of belonging, improve self-confidence, reduce stress, and inspire healthier lifestyles. Engaging in a positive respectable social relationship can improve happiness and decrease the risk of certain diseases: depression, anxiety, and isolation. Participating in an intelligent conversation with others can increase your brain function and mental capacity. Having a meaningful healthy relationship helps me to maintain a positive outlook on life.


When you enter into a healthy partnership, work is more enjoyable, productive, creative, and innovative. Partnership relationships are build on: trust- everyone should be openly honesty, motivated, and willing to agree and disagree without conflicts. Self-check yourself, be mindful, choose your words ad acts carefully because negative emotions impact the way people feel, and view a relationship. Keep a line of open communication- people with good relationship skills appreciate others opinions, ideas, and welcome their insight in decision-making. Maintaining mutual respect is very important to building a partnership. Respecting others around you, value their preferences, learning aspects of different cultures and backgrounds as an invitation to obtain new knowledge about an array of diversity and the world in which you live.

Challenges to maintain relationships: relationships come with challenges and concerns: misunderstanding/disrespect, arguments/grudges, emotional and physical abuse, ego, lack of communication, and controlling. To maintain a good healthy relationship, we must practice and learn to avoid demonstrating these elements. Relationships are important for the development, growth, and success of all mankind.


Inspirational quotes for Childhood Education and Life

Our theme for this month is based on Dr. Seuss’s birthday. So, I chose quotes from his writing pertaining to childhood education.

Quote : “Why FIT in when you were born to stand OUT?”

“We are all born in our own unique way. Most of the time, children try to be like their  friends, do what their peers are doing, or want what others have. It is a competition gain among young and adolescents around the world. By being yourself can carry you a long way with a great outcome of accomplishments and achievements. “Stand out among the competitors in performance, hold your own ideas and beliefs that are uncommon and go against the grain. Don’t be content just to do things the way someone else is doing it, stand out like you were meant to!!!!  Just because everyone is going in one direction doesn’t mean you should, too. Everyone could be wrong (Dr. Seuss).”  I believe that everyone should demonstrate and explore their own talents and abilities in the way that no one else can imitated.”Uniqueness leads to perfection and success (Ms. Mary, 2017).



Thanks to everyone who have been an inspiring and uplifting contributor to my success during this course. “Failure is not an option.” I dedicate this blog to all my colleagues, instructors, and Walden University’s staff for all the supports that I have received. Special thanks to Melissa, Sarah, Terra, Valerie, and Megan for being great supporters following my blog. You ladies are wonderful and have terrific opinions and comments. I admire your performances and are glad to have you all as co-colleagues but in different areas of childhood education. “Without Passion, Life is Nothing (Inspire Us 2017).” You all have more than the required passion that a person can contain.

Another quote for Safaa and Eliza in group 2 of this course, “Surround yourself only with people who are going to lift you higher (Inspire Us, 2017).” This is what I do to stay strong and endure all challenges in life that may seem to big for me to conquer. You all are unbelievable , phenomenal persons. We all are a team, let’s stay that way!.


cith_reading2  2 teach + 2 touch lives =4ever


37 Dr. Seuss quotes that can change the world.Brightdrops.com/dr-seuss-quotes/Retrieved on March 04, 2017.

Inspirational Quotes.https://mobile.twitter.com/Inspire_Us?ref_src=twsrc%5google%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor/Retrieved on March 04, 2017.

Testing for Intelligence

“The most comprehensive on-going assessment technique is the student’s portfolio (Huddemi 2003 , Dorsey 2012).” A student’s portfolio is a collection overtime of the various constructed work samples that shows many areas of the child’s learning. The collection of work samples and recorded observations of a child’s interactions and comments serve to show the child’s progress over time and in a variety of situations. Information can be used in planning of work that addresses the child’s needs as evidence in the collection of work samples and teachers observation (Dorsey 2012).” Assessments should benefit the child either directly or improve the quality of educational programs. Assessments should also be designed to recognize the reliability and validity of assessments increase with the child’s age (Morrison 2010, Dorsey 2012).” The National Education Goals Panel indicates that an appropriate assessment system may include different assessments for different categories of purpose, such as: Assessments to support learning, for identification of special needs, for programs evaluation, monitoring trends, and high-stakes accountability.

Assessments in Finland:

Finland high test scores have prompted international comparisons of educational policy, Finland’s students (15 years old) of approximately 57 countires have performed high on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) which is given every three years. The country has scored first and second in math on the past four administrations of the PISA and has the smallest variance across schools, meaning that Finland does not have a large achievement gap. Indicated by de Lange (2007), “officials from other countries including the United States have visited Finland to try to determine why the students have performed so highly on the assessments. Based on Kupianinen, et al (2009)  and Finnish Board of Education (2010) studies suggest that the high scores are due to a lack of high-stakes testing. The students in Finland do not take national standardized high-stakes tests until they matriculate secondary school and then only if they intend to enter higher education. The purpose of the assessment is to improve learning; encouraging and supportive nature. The  pressure of external ‘high stakes assessments  “can inhibit the development of formative assessments. ” In Finland, children ages six have an option of attending a one year of government provided pre-primary school,  with 96% attending. Classrooms are limited to 20 and recommended no more than 12 students. Children at age seven begin nine years of mandatory basic education before entering upper secondary school for 3 years of either vocational or general education. Students receive a certification of award after successful completing the basic education, which allows children to enter upper secondary schools. The students with highest grade and marks on certificate attend general education while others attend vocational then option for higher education at universities or polytechnic training. Normative assessments take place in early comprehensive schools to identify students with learning disabilities and need for special education (Kupianinen et al. 2009). All students are placed in an inclusion class and additional teachers are assigned to help children who have difficult. The schools in Finland focus on learning and not recreational; there is no trady bells, marching bands, athletic teams, or school dances (Gamerman 2008). School learning includes courses in art, music, carpentry, cooking, and long recess in addition to math, language, history, and science (Abram 2011). The final assessment is a portfolio containing students’ yearly reports as well as diverse evidence of the student’s work from eighth and ninth grades (Kupiainen et al. 2009). According to the Finnish National Board of Education 2010, Test scores are not acceptable as the only assessments. Final assessments consist of both verbal comments, numerical score on a scale of 4 to 10, with an eight reflecting good performances, and 5 showing an adequate level of performance that allows students to receive a certificate of completion. The assessment measures the knowledge and maturity gained through the upper secondary education curriculum.

Why do the United States rank in education? According to Pearson (2014), the United States ranks 14th out of forty countries with a cognitive skills and educational attainment score of 0.39. he world’s top ranking educational systems are in South Korea (1st), Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Finland, UK, Canada, and Netherlands. Statistics show Finland fell to 5th although it is known for its excellence in education with a ranking score of 0.56. All of these countries’ educational systems prize effort above inherited ‘smartness’, have clear learning outcomes and goalposts, and have a strong culture of accountability and engagement among a broad community of stakeholders (Lepi 2014).”


Shepard, L., Kagan, S. L. Wurtz, E (1998). Principles and recommendations for early childhood assessments.National Education Goals Panel.govinfo.library.unt.edu/negp/ reports/prinrec.pdf/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Morrison, G. S. (2010) & Peterson, E (2015).Assessments What, if anything, do you believe should be measured or assessment.htpps://ellapete/wordpress.wordpress.com/2015/08/12/assessment-what-if-anything-do-you-believe-should-be-measured-assessed-explain -your-reasoning-week-6/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Dorsey, M.(2012).Early childhood education: viewing a child holistically what should be assessed.marthadorseyee.blogspot.com/2012/12/viewing-child-holistically-what should.html/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Guddemi, M.P. (2003). The important role of quality assessment in young children ages 3-8. InWall, J. and Walz, G. (Eds). Measuring up.assessment issues for teachers, counselors, and administrators, Greenboro, NC: ERIC Counseling and Student Services/learninghouse/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Hendrickson, K. A. Assessments in Finland: A scholarly reflection on one country’s use of formative, summative, and evaluative practices. Mid-Western Educational Researcher. v.25 I. 1-2.mwera.org/MWER/v25/I 1-2/v25h1-2-Hendrickson.Graduate-Student-Section.pdf/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Lepi, K. (2014). The Top 10 (and counting) education systems in the world.Edudemic: connecting education and technology.www.edudemic.com/learning-curve-report-education/Retrieved on February 18, 2017.

Consequences of Stress on Children’s Development: Poverty

I was born and raised in the “Delta” region of Mississippi, an agriculture area. We lived on a plantation that my mom, grandmother, uncle and family did sharecropping. My family consisted of mom and seven children living in a three room house without running water and an outhouse for waste elimination. At night, we used a night pot and cleaned it out in the morning. The house was sitting on brick blocks and made out of wood. In the house, the floor boards were rotting so we had to walk carefully over them. One day, my second oldest sister fell through the kitchen floor and under the house. When it rained, the roof leaked and we used buckets to catch the water. To bathe and wash clothes, we caught rainwater in  25 gallons drums or an outside ground pump. We bathed in a big tin tub sharing the bath water, heating water and cooking on a wood burning stove. We had no washing machine so we used a rub board, then hung the clothes outside on a clothesline The family worked in the cotton, bean, and sugar cane fields. I started going to the field at two years old with my mother. I remember riding on her cotton stack while she picked cotton for five dollars a sack. My mom would take all the older children because the more cotton picked increase the pay at the end of the day. We raised hogs, chickens, and cows to supplement the food. When I started picking, I picked the green bows instead of the white cotton. One day, the boss man approached my mom and told her, “Don’t you bring those children back to my field until they know how to pick my cotton.” I got the worse whipping, afterward. My mom would work on the weekend cleaning and cooking for the boss’s family. They would give her the leftovers to take home. We did not have much but the love for each others were all that kept the family together then and now. My family survived on government’s assistance; food stamps. welfare checks, and commodity surplus every month. Our clothes were hand-me-downs until my two oldest sisters moved to Chicago and send clothes for holidays and the beginning of each school year. We had to walk a long way to town because we didn’t have a car. In the summer, we went barefooted so that our shoes would last until the next school term. Finally, we moved to town in 1966 when I was four years old. I started Head Start in 1968 at six years old. My family lived in poverty but my mom taught us to be graceful for the things that we received. To me it was not about getting name brand items as long as there were food, shelter, and clothes. My mom did her best and I am proud to write about our struggles because the lessons learned have taken me beyond and out of poverty. I have told this story many times to many people and witness their disbelief.

Poverty in Sierra Leone:

A small country in West Africa with a population of about 5.6 million. Sierra Leone has made the headlines for many years. Since the devastation  of war, diseases, and poverty of a civil war from 1991-2002, many children’s lives have been affected by poverty. The children are taken at an early age and forced as “child soldiers” to fight, murder, and traumatized others. Shah (2001)  reports, “the UN estimates that those fighting with Sierra Leone government forces, a quarter are children below the age of 18.” Poverty is one of the main cause of child abuse in Sierra Leone. Most families are unable to provide enough food for themselves or grow a surplus to sell to generate an income. According to the United Nations Human Development Index, Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world, with tremendous inequality in income distribution. It also have one of the highest infant mortality rate in the world of children dying before the age of five. Malnutrition is a serious issue among children. The war destroyed much of the country’s infrastructures and left 320,000 children orphaned. Many orphans are taken advantaged of, abandoned, rejected, or left to provide for themselves wandering the streets of Sierra Leone as ” street children.” Most people live in mud-walled houses with dirt floors and thatched roof. For the majority of people, there is no running water or electricity. They cook outside and do laundry, washing, and bathing in near by rivers or haul water from the nearest water source. They eat fish, chickens, or bushmeat: rats, monkeys, and wild games.

Due to poverty, healthcare resources are limited in rural areas. There are many organizations that provide resources for schools, medical clinics, feeding centers, and health initiatives. In 2016, The World Vision is an organization child sponsorship that looks at all things that prevent children from surviving and thriving in their community, and then work with the community to bring all the pieces of the puzzle together to build a better life for all children. The organization used 85% of their total operating expenses for programs that benefit children, families, and communities (World Vision, 2016) To name others; Children of the Nations, and UNICEF contribute to secure Sierra Leone future and hope.


World Vision.facts about Sierra Leone.worldvision.org/sponsor-a-child? CL = 0133/Retrieved on February 04, 2018.

Kamara, S.(2001). Sierra Leone: poverty; main cause of child abuse.allfrica.com/stories/200109050468.html/Retrieved on February 04, 2018.

Sierra Leone: country overview. Children of the Nations.https://cotni.org/where-we-serve/sierra leone/Retrievedon February 04, 2018.

Shah, A. (2001).Global issues: social, political, economic, and environmental issues that affects us all.Sierra Leone.globalissues.org/article/88/sierra leone/Retrieved on February 04, 2018.

A look at Sierra Leone: learn a few facts about the small nation in western Africa.Time for Kids.timeforkids.com/news/look-sierra-leone 103336/Retrieved February 04, 2018






Child Development and Public Health: Immunization

Immunization is an important vaccination that protects and prevent children from contracting and transmitting varies childhood diseases and infections like chickenpox, mumps, measles, polio, whooping-cough, pneumonia, and the flu.Without the vaccination, these diseases and infections can cause severe brain damage, blindness, deaf, and even death to many children and families around the world. Many parents are against getting their children vaccinated due to a lack of knowledge and myths about the medicine intervention. Some families refuse the vaccination because of personal, religious, and medical reasons. In nineteen states across the United States, parents have an option to vaccinate their children for person belief. Colorado and California have the most unvaccinated children and lead the nation in the highest percent of childhood diseases. In California, an outbreak of whooping cough killed ten babies in 2010. A lot of parents think that immunization is harmful with side effects including: (feverish, irritable, or cause distress to themselves). Years ago, parents feared that the vaccination (MMR) was linked to autism in children but research and data have found no connection between the two (Berger 2016). “Studies also show that the vaccination is effected at preventing diseases but some mild cases of certain diseases have been reported because the vaccine had not given a 100% immunity effective (WebMD, Bhandari 2016).”

I think that immunization should be required for all young children before entering schools. This way, everyone is protected from the wide-spread of contagious diseases and infections. During my childhood, all children had to be vaccinated at two years old before entering Head Start. The vaccine was administered in one dose. The nurse combined the shots in an applicator syringe and administered the medicines into your left upper arm at once. I still have the print embedded in my upper arm for prove. In the early 50’s and 60’s before taking the immunization, my siblings and I developed chickenpox, measles, and mumps. Now, children get booster’s shots at different age levels. The age starts at birth through eighteen with the last session of vaccines taken before entering college. The  most common childhood diseases are diphtheria, chickenpox, measles, mumps, tetanus, and whooping-cough among small children. Berger 2016 noted,”Immunization helps the body’s immune system build up antibodies to fight diseases and infections. In 2014, the measles were at its highest since 1994 because parents rejected to vaccinate their children.” Due to parents overwhelming reaction to the vaccination, children are at risk of severe disabilities which affect them throughout life or death. It is better to try to prevent the diseases than to pay the price of contracting it.

The World Health Organization provides general updated information on global health, diseases, and other major issues to keep the public informed about the development and control of wide-spread diseases and infections. I enjoy reading  and talking about Africa because the many children living there lack the necessary medical and health care than anywhere else in the world. Over in Africa, many diseases cause disability, and death in young children on a daily basic. Mothers do not receive proper medical care or nutrition during pregnancy which results in child’s deficits. WHO have established an Immunization and Vaccine Development Program in many African regions that contribute to the reduction of diseases, disability, and death due to vaccine preventable diseases. Not only are they working to eliminate childhood diseases but communicable diseases like: bacterial, parasitic, vector-borne, and viral that cause more deaths in Africa. These diseases are caused by lack of clean water, sewer waste, and malnutrition and over popullants. Measles, meningitis, yellow fever, and polio are the most popular form of diseases which affect children under five in Africa. To combat diseases and bring awareness to the nation of Africa, the WHO established annual African Vaccination 2016 week that begins in April. This week promotes strengthen immunization services and systems through advocacy, education, communication tools and activities to fight against polio. Due to this effort, it has been about a year and a half since a case of wild polio has been reported in Africa (WHO 2017). However, the journey to prevent these diseases is a long struggle and enduring process with more contributions need to cover the funding, education, and resources to ensure that all children and families receive treatment and longevity in the countries of Africa especially the underprivileged areas. Reason: Children in poverty-stricken regions are likely to die from childhood and other diseases than these from wealthy areas. It is critical for all people from birth to adult be immunized from deadly diseases and infections to prevent transmission to the overall population.


Berger, K.S. (2016). The developing person: through childhood (7th ed.). New York. NY: Worth Publishers.

WebMD Medical Reference.Bhandai,S. MD. (2016) WedMD immunizations and vaccines: the power of preparation. http://www.webmd.com/children/vaccines/immunity.Retrieved on January 21, 2017.

WHO/Immunization World Health Organization.Deshevoi, S. Immunization in WHO Africa regions.www.african-vaccination-week.afro.who.int/en. Retrieved on January 21, 2017.